Much like other materials can be machined, so can composites. Everything from basic fiberglass fabrications to advanced composites materials can be machined to add details and features.
This can be accomplished using hand-held tools guided by fixtures and measurements. Hand tools such as air routers, drills, and saws. A disadvantage is that the operator can commit errors and must be protected from safety hazards. These hazards include airborne dust, bending strain, lifting strain, and physical cuts.
For high volume or high precision applications, there are CNC routers that can be employed. These are fast, efficient, and safe. They may be expensive though.
Several manufacturers make CNC routers, and Thermwood is one as shown below.
This video shows several different applications and parts that can be routed with this large Computer Numerically Controlled