Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) is used to create many composite parts especially for the transportation industry, and contributes heavily to a positive environmental impact. SMC has been developed over the last 25 years to replace steel/sheet metal mostly in transportation applications. It is widely used in many heavy duty semi truck hoods, agricultural equipment, and pickup trucks, SUV”s and muscle cars.
The main goal of this substitution is to reduce weight, which improves fuel efficiency. Other positive side effects include fewer assembly operations, additional design freedom, dent and impact resistance, and the elimination of corrosion. Several “green” resin formulations have been introduced that make use of bio resins, which use much more renewable resources such as soy products. The fillers and reinforcements in this material can also be made from recycled and renewable materials.
SMC has overcome several hurdles in order to get to its present use and application. General acceptance and education had to be proven to the OEM manufacturers and consumers. Paint application and adhesion was one large consideration that had to be proven out. There were issues with popping and blistering from the SMC surface. Making sure the SMC parts held dimensions and aesthetics was
SMC has become widely used today for many applications, and will find its way into many more. The weight saving aspects are paramount for reducing fuel consumption. The anti-corrosion and dent resistance are loved by consumers.